By Frank Smyth, December 15, 2002, St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld last week became the highest ranking American official to ever visit Africa’s newest nation, the small state of Eritrea on the Red Sea across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
By Frank Smyth, September 24, 2001, Asmarino.com
I was riding a bike on a busy avenue in the Eritrean capital of Asmara when, one after another, several citizens of the newly independent nation began ordering me to stop. Why?
By Frank Smyth, May 18, 2000, IntellectualCapital.com
Ethiopia’s former communist leader, Mengistu Haile Mariam, prolonged a famine in northern Ethiopia in the mid-1980s to dry out two Marxist insurgencies that were each deeply rooted there.
By Frank Smyth, August 19, 1999, IntellectualCapital.com
Many developing nations have borders that were first established by colonial powers. But few embrace their colonial heritage as closely as does Eritrea, a tiny nation of 3.6 million people that amicably seceded from larger Ethiopia in 1993.
By Frank Smyth, April 29, 1999, IntellectualCapital.com
Secessionist struggles stoke nationalist passions, but they do not necessarily correspond to ethnic groups. While ethnicity burns the fire in the Balkans, ethnic Tigrinyans lead both Ethiopia and Eritrea into battle in the war on the African Horn.
By Frank Smyth, March 1, 1999, The New Republic
The war on Africa’s Horn may be the most dramatic and bloodiest chapter in the rapid disintegration of an alliance among a group of African leaders–commonly referred to as the “new leaders”–that once held much promise. In 1996, Isaias and Meles, along with Uganda’s…
By Dan Connell & Frank Smyth, March 3, 1998, Foreign Affairs
SUB-SAHARAN Africa is undergoing its most profound changes since the early years of independence. Forces that have long held sway over the region are now either waning or gone. For decades the United States, the Soviet Union, and France propped up dictators who served their interests — men like Ethiopia’s…