Iraqi Tactics: Avoid Early Combat
By Frank Smyth, February 25, 1991, The Christian Science Monitor

IRAQ is likely to employ tactics designed to minimize the effectiveness of coalition air support, according to military experts in Jordan. Jordanian military commanders knowledgable about the Iraqi Army’s training, tactics, and weaponry say Iraqi troops will likely try to avoid major combat in the ground campaign’s early stages.

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Mysterious Influx of Soviet & Chinese Arms for Salvador Rebels
By Frank Smyth, June 4, 1989, The Sacramento Bee

Title: A Mysterious Influx of Soviet and Chinese Arms for Salvador Rebels Source: The Sacramento Bee Date: June 4, 1989 Morazan, El Salvador — Seventeen-year-old Odilia playfully pushed her tongue through her teeth as she recalled how she shot seven Salvadoran army soldiers in an ambush a few days before. Odilia’s under five feet tall,

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Sand Diggers and the Strongman
By Frank Smyth, June 3, 1989, Dissent

Vista Hermosa, El Salvador — A powerful torrent during the high rains, Rio Las Canas is a trickle of muddy water from October to May. It begins ten kilometers from the city center, carving its way north past volcanic slopes, eventually feeding into the large, man-made reservoir that separates government-held terrain from…

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The Rebels’ Dirty Hands
By Frank Smyth, February 3, 1989, The Progressive

Certain guerrilla tactics are reprehensible. In the last year, the rebels have taken to placing car bombs in front of movie theaters and restaurants in the wealthier sections of San Salvador. In October, a group identifying itself as Manuel Jose Arce Commandos detonated two such car bombs outside a shopping center and a fast-food restaurant.

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Behind the Lines with the Rebels
By Frank Smyth, February 3, 1989, The Progressive

With an old straw hat, a soiled yellow shirt, ragged pants, and sandals, my weathered guide could easily have passed for the ignorant peasant he often claims to be. But he is far more sophisticated than he appears. Like most Salvadoran peasants in eastern Chalatenango province, he is intensely aware of the conflict at hand.

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A Blood-spattered Stalemate
By Frank Smyth, December 11, 1988, Fort Worth Star-Telegram

EASTERN CHALATENANGO, El Salvador – A helicopter gunship riddled the landscape with heavy machine-gun fire as a battalion of 200 elite army soldiers trailed on the ground behind. Two miles away, a patrol of six guerrillas kept track on the oncoming battalion, communicating…

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Quagmire in the Making
By Frank Smyth, June 3, 1988, The Progressive

Only last year,” said the U.S. official, was the army “willing to move more than nine to five. “I’d heard those same words two years before in the same room deep within the walls of the heavily guarded embassy in San Salvador. Transforming the Salvadoran armed forces into an effective counterinsurgency force has been a

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