FrankSmyth.com

Arms and Mandela: After the Honeymoon, He Faces the Deadly Dilemmas of South Africa’s Arms Industry
By Frank Smyth, May 22, 1994, The Washington Post

The little-noticed role of South African-made arms in the catastrophe of Rwanda presents Nelson Mandela with…

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Rwanda’s French Connection
By Frank Smyth, May 3, 1994, The Village Voice

“We have eight million people here,” an aid worker told me last June in Rwanda, “and all you Americans care about are those damn gorillas.” I was in Rwanda investigating weapons trafficking for the Human Rights Watch/Arms Project, but I couldn’t argue with the man, a Tutsi. Almost the only news reaching the West last

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Blood Money and Geopolitics
By Frank Smyth, May 2, 1994, The Nation

The April 6 plane crash that killed the Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi (they may have been shot down) is only the latest violent act for these neighboring Central African countries. As many as 100,000 people have died and more than a million have fled ethnic and politically based attacks in recent years. Elements of

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Why Hutu and Tutsi Are Killing Each Other: A Rwanda Primer
By Frank Smyth, April 24, 1994, The Baltimore Sun

Rwanda’s Tutsi kings ruled over Hutu peasant farmers for three centuries. But in 1959, the Hutu finally overthrew the Tutsi monarchy. From then until President Juvenal Habyarimana’s death two weeks ago, Hutu have ruled the country. But today, Tutsi guerrillas of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) are fighting their way toward power. If the RPF

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French Guns, Rwandan Blood
By Frank Smyth, April 14, 1994, The New York Times

The horrendous vioIence that has seized the tiny African republic of Rwanda is not as random as it looks. For the members of the Akazu, the ruling clan around the late President Juvenal Habyarimana, the only way to retain a 21-year monopoly on power was to kill their enemies as fast as they could. And until yesterday, when…

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